## How do you make a TOS?

How to create a Table of Specifications ( TOS ) in 5 Easy Steps

1. Step 1- Determine the coverage of your exam.
2. Step 2- Determine your testing objectives for each topic area.
3. Step 3- Determine the duration for each content area.
4. Step 4- Determine the Test Types for each objective.
5. Step 5- Polish your terms of specification.

## How do you create a table of specification?

Three steps are involved in creating a Table of Specifications: 1) choosing the measurement goals and domain to be covered, 2) breaking the domain into key or fairly independent parts- concepts, terms, procedures, applications, and 3) constructing the table.

## How do you calculate the number of items in TOS?

Determine the number of the items for each topic. This can be done by multiplying the percentage allocation for each topic by the total number of items to be constructed.

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## What is TOS table of specification?

The table of specifications ( TOS ) is a tool used to ensure that a test or assessment measures the content and thinking skills that the test intends to measure. Thus, when used appropriately, it can provide response content and construct (i.e., response process) validity evidence.

## How do you create a multiple choice test?

Designing alternatives

1. Limit the number of alternatives.
2. Make sure there is only one best answer.
3. Make the distractors appealing and plausible.
4. Make the choices gramatically consistent with the stem.
5. Place the choices in some meaningful order.
6. Randomly distribute the correct response.
7. Avoid using “all of the above”.

## Can a teacher have a test with content validity even without making a TOS?

A teacher cannot have a test with content validity without making TOS. A test for that matter possesses content validity only when that assessment tool or task measures or assesses what it is supposed to measure or assess. TOS is valid if the content are aligned to the objectives and assessment.

## When can we say that the test is valid?

A test is valid if it measures what it is supposed to measure. If theresults of the personality test claimed that a very shy person was in factoutgoing, the test would be invalid. Reliability and validity are independent of each other. A measurement maybe valid but not reliable, or reliable but not valid.

## What are the different types of test questions?

This tips sheet contains a brief description of seven types of examination questions, as well as tips for using each of them: 1) multiple choice, 2) true/false, 3) matching, 4) short answer, 5) essay, 6) oral, and 7) computational.

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## What is a test blueprint or table of specification?

The test blueprint, sometimes also called the table of specifications, provides a listing of the major content areas and cognitive levels intended to be included on each test form. It also includes the number of items each test form should include within each of these content and cognitive areas.

## How do we calculate percentage?

How To Calculate Percent

1. Determine the total or whole amount.
2. Divide the number to be expressed as a percent by the total. In most cases, you’ll divide the smaller number by the larger number.
3. Multiple the resulting value by 100.

## What is the first step in planning for a test?

Stages in test construction: Planning, Preparing, Reviewing, Revising Test Items. The first step in constructing a test is to determine the content, the scope of the test, as well as the manner in which test items should be developed. This process is referred to as “ planning a test ”.

## Why is analyzing an item necessary?

Item Analysis is an important (probably the most important ) tool to increase test effectiveness. Each items contribution is analyzed and assessed. An item analysis provides three kinds of important information about the quality of test items. Item difficulty: A measure of whether an item was too easy or too hard.

## What are the components of TOS?

The TOS depends on the following components; topic discussed, number of hours or meetings the topic was discussed, total number of hours used in discussing topics, and the total number of test items to be constructed. These four components basically dictate the contents of the TOS.

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## What is the use of TOS?

A table of specification (TOS) can be used to help teachers frame the decision making process of test construction and improve the validity of teachers’ evaluations based on tests constructed for classroom use.

## How do you create a test question?

4 Big Rules for Writing Test Questions

1. Write for Clarity. The best questions don’t require lengthy explanations, creative hypotheticals, or dramatic rewordings.
2. Write for Brevity.
3. Get a Reviewer.